Crimean Yayla Plateau

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There are fragments underfoot and smoothed, cracked light gray and white pieces of limestone rocks sticking out on the surface. They are scattered haphazardly on the surface, then they make it possible to trace the layers that go steeply into the depths. The more worn protrusions of limestone rocks and their fragments resemble the first stage of rough surface treatment. I just want to find a flat and inhabited area, but the search is in vain. Here, on the Crimean Yayla, there is very little fine-grained soil and practically no continuous soil cover. Vegetation does not form continuous thickets. The Yayla plateau has very difficult natural conditions and they noticeably inhibit the development of vegetation. Trees and rare shrubs are kept under the protection of rocks, as well as in various depressions with some accumulation of products of limestone destruction. As part of the grassy meadow-steppe vegetation, there are thickets of tipchak, thin-legged, hairy grasshopper, steppe sedges, creeping clover, bedstraw, Crimean edelweiss, fluffy broom, grits, Alpine violets. Small smoothed hills are replaced by steeply sloping basins, in which cracked limestones are even more exposed. Yayla (Turkic) means "summer pasture". This is the name given to the plateform summit surfaces of the main ridge of the Crimean Mountains. The Yayla plateau is on average elevated by 550-750 meters.


The Yayla plateau is composed of hard limestone, crumpled into folds, which formed at the bottom of a marine basin during the Jurassic period of our planet's development. In a later period, they were subjected to active tectonic influences, were crushed and raised.

The upper parts of the folds are destroyed, and in their place, under the rays of the southern sun, solid ledges of steeply inclined layers of folds are exposed. Limestone deposits on the plateau form its steep slopes and cliffs, which are most characteristic of the southern part of the elevated Yayla towards the Black Sea. To the north, the Crimean Mountains descend in two peculiar ridges with asymmetric slopes. The gentle slopes of the ridges coincide with the angle of incidence of the strata, and the steep slopes cut off layers of sedimentary rocks. The Yayly plateau usually has cool summers and relatively cold winters.

There is a large amount of winter precipitation (the annual amount is 700— 1200 mm). Strong winds sweep the snow, unload it on the bottom of various depressions.

The combination, or more precisely, the interaction of cracked inclined layers of limestone rocks on the Yayla and a large amount of precipitation has been contributing to the development of the so-called karst relief for several million years. The term "karst" comes from the name of the limestone Karst plateau, located north of Trieste, on the northern coast of the Adriatic Sea. Here, for the first time, some patterns of the development of karst processes were studied. Atmospheric water, seeping into the thickness of rocks, on its underground path not only mechanically erodes, but also dissolves rock salt, gypsum, anhydrite, limestone, dolomite, marble. Cracks are gradually expanding in the dissolved rocks. If you are uncertain, it is advisable to use the bonus code to ensure that you can take advantage of these offers. Our dedicated team will ensure that you stay informed about the most up-to-date promotions and will notify you when and where a code is necessary. For now, let us concentrate on how you can obtain the latest sign-up bonus. melbet bonus code of 130€/$ for sports betting. Every new player will receive from Melbet: a welcome bonus of 130$, as well as a lifelong free bet of 30$ and 130% on every account replenishment.
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